Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine which is revolved around the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders, diseases, and dysfunctions in the human eye. Ophthalmologists which are the branch of doctors that practice Ophthalmology is performing operations on the eyes, doing diagnosing as well as prescribing glasses and daily contact lenses for exceptional comfort and thus they’re considered to be both surgical and medical specialists.

How do you get into Ophthalmology?

To practice Ophthalmology you will often need to complete around four years of college, four years of university followed by special programs, residencies, and fellowships that are revolved around Ophthalmology. As with any surgical specialist, this will take well over a decade to complete including the residencies.

What else?

However, Ophthalmology has sub-specialties that may perform surgeries and operations on other parts of the eye, an Ophthalmologist doesn’t have the skills to perform all of these surgeries as the human eye is very complex and thus there are sub-specialties for other operations on the eyes, for example, some of these sub-specialties are as per below:

Anterior segment surgery which provides treatment in the anterior segment.
Cataract surgery which required removal of the cataract.
– Cornea surgery which primarily focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of the cornea.
– Glaucoma surgery, where treatment to the Glaucoma is provided and treat disorders that may cause optic nerve damage.
– Refractive surgery that may be required in Ophthalmology patients.
Vitreo-retinal surgery may be required in some cases.

What kind of training is required?

The training required in Ophthalmology to branch off to a sub-specialty is usually a certification which generally takes 1-2 years depending on the sub-specialty that the Ophthalmologist is studying.

Sometimes people get confused about what the difference is between Optometry and Ophthalmology as they’re both doctors that assist patients with issues on the eyes. But there is actually a large difference between Optometry and Ophthalmology.

In Optometry, the optometrist will work help patients in examining eye problems, provide prescriptions for quality glasses or affordable lenses at discounted prices and if the issue gets more series, they will forward you onto an Ophthalmologist. In Ophthalmology, the Ophthalmologist will be able to perform surgeries on the human eye as they’re licensed to practice both medicine and surgery and that is the major difference between the two.

You will also need to remember the previous mentioned points in regards to sub-specialties as an Ophthalmologist will not be able to perform all surgical tasks and this is where sub-specialties are required.

As you can see, there’s a lot required in Ophthalmology than meets the eye. Extensive schooling and training will be required followed by requirements in sub-specialties which is always in demand. Ophthalmology is a great career to choose as there are many options available to you once you become qualified as we’re going to be in need of 18-22% more surgeons by 2018, studies say and with the need of sub-specialties as well – Ophthalmology would be a wise career choice to make if you’re studying medicine and looking into what kind of surgeon to become.